Escoliosis desarrollo temprano. Curso de instrucción

Autores/as

  • Norman Ramírez Hospital de la Concepción. San German, Puerto Rico
  • Lenny Rivera-Rosario Ponce Health Sciences University. Ponce, Puerto Rico
  • Ricardo L. Restrepo Clínica del Country. Bogotá, Colombia
  • Alejandro Cuneo Hospital Pereira Rossell. Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Claudio A. Fernández Hospital de Niños Sor María Ludovico
  • Pablo Marrero- Ortiz Universidad de Puerto Rico. San Juan, Puerto Rico

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rccot.2020.06.007

Palabras clave:

escoliosis, desarrollo temprano

Resumen

Introducción: Escoliosis de desarrollo temprano, es aquella escoliosis que se presenta antes de los 10 años de edad secundaria a anomalías estructurales congénitas de la columna, enfermedades neuromusculares, síndromes, o diopáticamente.
Materiales & Métodos: Revisión literaria narrativa de todo lo publicado sobre escoliosis de desarrollo temprano durante 2003 al 2018.
Resultados: Esta deformidad de la columna a temprana edad limitara el crecimiento pulmonar e incapacitara la función respiratoria apropiada, provocando el síndrome de insuficiencia torácica. Históricamente, la historia natural de esta condición puede ser letal y el daño ocasionado por la escoliosis de desarrollo temprano suele ser permanente a pesar de su restauración. Actualmente, la escoliosis de desarrollo temprano se clasifica utilizando la combinación de las variables: edad, etiología, magnitud de la escoliosis y cifosis. Los métodos de tratamiento más utilizados son: enyesado en serie, implantes de distracción costal longitudinal en aleación de titanio, barras de crecimiento dobles, técnica de ShillaTM, y barras de crecimiento electromagnéticas.
Discusión: Indudablemente, es imperativo conocer sus manifestaciones y peculiaridades para poder clasificar, monitorear la severidad, personalizar el tratamiento, detener el deterioro de la columna lo más pronto posible, y prevenir la insuficiencia respiratoria
Nivel de evidencia: IV

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Biografía del autor/a

Norman Ramírez, Hospital de la Concepción. San German, Puerto Rico

Ortopedista Pediátrico, Hospital de la Concepción, San German, Puerto Rico.

Lenny Rivera-Rosario, Ponce Health Sciences University. Ponce, Puerto Rico

Ponce School of Medicine, Ponce Health Sciences University, Ponce, Puerto Rico.

Ricardo L. Restrepo, Clínica del Country. Bogotá, Colombia

Ortopedista, Cirujano de columna. Fundación Cardio-Infantil, Clínica del Country, Bogotá, Colombia.

Alejandro Cuneo, Hospital Pereira Rossell. Montevideo, Uruguay

Departamento de Ortopedia y Traumatología Pediátrica, Hospital Pereira Rossell, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Claudio A. Fernández, Hospital de Niños Sor María Ludovico

Jefe de Servicio Hospital de Niños Sor María Ludovico, Profesor Adjunto Ortopedia y Traumatología, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina.

Pablo Marrero- Ortiz, Universidad de Puerto Rico. San Juan, Puerto Rico

Ortopedista Pediátrico. Catedrático Asociado, Escuela Medicina. Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

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Publicado

2020-07-18

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1.
Ramírez N, Rivera-Rosario L, Restrepo RL, Cuneo A, Fernández CA, Marrero- Ortiz P. Escoliosis desarrollo temprano. Curso de instrucción . Rev. colomb. ortop traumatol. [Internet]. 18 de julio de 2020 [citado 23 de abril de 2024];34(2):167-76. Disponible en: https://revistasccot.org/index.php/rccot/article/view/271

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